How to Create a Jordan ‘Hatta’ Scarf Design With Adobe Illustrator
‘Hatta‘ is the name of the traditional square scarf that Middle Eastern men wear as a headdress.
It’s a white cotton cloth, designed in checkered patterns and traditionally worn for protection against the sun, sand, and cold nights. Depending on which part of the Arab world you are in, it is also known as kiffiyeh, ghutrah, shemagh, or mashadah. The name, design, color, and style of dress vary by the region and its people.
In Jordan, the hatta headcloth colors are red and white—a marker associated with the country’s heritage, and typically worn as an Arab nationalist symbol. For your brief knowledge, Jordan is officially known as the ‘Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan’. The colors used on the checkered hatta design were historically adopted from both the red Hashemite Flag and the Arab Revolt Flag, thus making it a symbol of Jordan.
In the Western world, the scarf designis commonly worn in black/white or red/white colors, and it’s no more than a fashion accessory or clothing trend. Other countries that have adopted the red-white keffiyeh colors are Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.
In today’s Adobe Illustrator tutorial, we will cover the steps to creating the red-white hatta scarf pattern design and applying it to the title “JORDAN”.
You will need the following font in order to complete this project:
Robinson Regular. If you wish to use a similar font, you could still achieve a similar end result.
1.How to Design the Checkered Pattern Design
A hatta design is composed of three different pattern designs: Checker, Wave, and Diagonal.
Before we start, create a New Document (Command-N) of banner size 851 x 315 px, Landscape orientation, and RGB color mode.
Let’s start by designing the Checker pattern.
Begin by drawing two rectangles. Select the Rectangle Tool (M). Draw a 6 x 18 px red #d32127 rectangle, and another rectangle of dimensions 8 x 16 px.
Open the Properties panel (Window > Properties) to quickly access settings, controls, editing options, and alignment.
Take the Selection Tool (V), select both rectangles, and apply a Horizontal and Vertical Align Center action to the two. Command-G to Group.
Switch to the Direct Selection Tool (A) to automatically view all the Live Corner widgets that appear next to each corner point. Click the Corners link in the Control panel (Window > Control), and set the Radius to 2 px.
Next, with the Rectangle Tool (M), using the same red fill of #d32127, draw one 2.3 x 25.6 px vertical rectangle and a horizontal rectangle of 14.6 x 2.3 px.
Select all the rectangles with the Selection Tool (V). Apply the Horizontal and Vertical Align Center actions, from the Properties panel, to align them vertically and horizontally.
Select the rounded rectangle group. Then Copy (Command-C) and Paste in Front (Command-F).
Object > Transform > Rotate the group 90°. Then select the vertical rectangle bar, and Copy (Command-C) and Paste in Front (Command-F).
Then select the horizontal rounded group plus thevertical rectangle bar. Hold down the Shift key to constrain the motion, and drag the objects to the edge of the horizontal bar, as shown.
Select all the shapes. Object > Pattern > Make. The Pattern Options dialog box will open. Apply the following settings:
Tile Type: Brick by Row
Brick Offset: 1/2
Unlink theWidth and Height link
Height: 21 px
Copies: 7 x 7
Once the pattern is created, you can delete the shapes, as now the Checker pattern will appear in the Swatches panel (Window > Swatches).
Our first pattern is ready.
2.How to Create the Wave Pattern Design
Select the Ellipse Tool (L) and draw a 5 x 11.5 px red ellipse #d32127.
Select the Anchor Point Tool (Shift-C), and taper the top and bottom anchor points of the ellipse. Then from the Properties panel, apply a Rotate of -45° to the shape.
Turn on your Smart Guides (Command-U). These snap‑to guides will appear when you move objects around, and they will help guide you in aligning things accurately.
From the Tools menu, select the Rounded Rectangle Tool, under the Rectangle Tool. Tap once on the artboard to open the Rounded Rectangle dialog box and choose the following settings:
Width: 1.2 px
Height: 2 px
Corner Radius: 0.7 px
Then use the Selection Tool (V), and with help of the Smart Guides, position the rounded rectangle on top of the tapered ellipse as seen below.
Select the leaf shape and the rounded rectangle, and Copy (Command-C) and Paste in Front (Command-F).
Take the Reflect Tool (O) and set the blue center reference point at the end of the base of the leaf, as seen in the image. Hold down Option-Shift and drag and release when the selection is mirrored across.
A time-savvy shortcut to learn in Adobe Illustrator is the Drag-Drop action instead of the Copy-Paste action.
We need to duplicate the rounded rectangle shape, to position it on the base of the two leaf objects. Select the rounded rectangle, hold the Option-Alt keys, and drag the object with the SelectionTool (V) to the base of the leaves. This will create a duplicate.
Select all the shapes, and then click the Unite action from the Pathfinder in the Properties panel.
Object > Pattern > Make to open the Pattern Options dialog box.
Tile Type: Grid
Unlink Width and Height
Width: 14.15 px (adjust the width so the tops of the rounded rectangles overlap at the intersection).
Copies: 7 x 7
We are ready with the second pattern. It should appear in the Swatches panel afterwards.
3.How to Set Up the Diagonal Pattern Design
The third pattern, the Diagonal, is the easiest to set up. We just need to create a vertical rectangle pattern that we will transform later on.
Take the Rectangle Tool (M), and create a red fill #d32127 rectangle about 2 x 5 px.
Object > Pattern > Make to open the Pattern Options dialog box.
Tile Type: Grid
Unlink Width and Height
Width: 3 px
Height: 5 px (approx)
Copies: 7 x 7
And our third pattern is ready!
4. How to Design the “Jordan” Title
Open the Character panel (Window > Type > Character or Command-T). Select the Type Tool from the Tools panel. Select the Robinson Regular font family (a font found on Envato Elements) from the Character panel.
Set Font Size to 400 pt, with Tracking set at 25 pt, type in “JORDA”, and leave the N out. We will design a scarf in the form of the ‘N’.
Object > Expand. Make sure to check Object and Fill, then OK, so the type turns into individual shapes.
The Jordan flag has a small, white, seven-pointed star, so we will create a star in front of the type to represent the flag.
Select the Star Tool, from the Rectangle Tool drop-down options in the Tools panel.
Tap once on the artboard for the Star dialog box, and set:
Radius 1: 26 px
Radius 2: 14 px
Let’s create the N for ‘Jordan’.
Select the Rectangle Tool (M), and with help of Smart Guides, draw a vertical bar that is the same thickness and height as the type lettering:
Width: 34.96 px
Height: 279.297 px
Object > Path > Add Anchor Points to the rectangle. This will add anchor points in between the other anchor points.
Take the Direct Selection Tool (A), and select the base left and right anchor points and drag them upwards by about -35 px.
Select the top left anchor point and drag it down by about 35 px.
Delete the top middle anchor point on the rectangle, using the Delete Anchor Point Tool (–).
Then select the Reflect Tool (O) and set the blue center reference point at the right of the shape as shown below. Option-Shift-Drag and release to mirror.
Afterwards, use the Rectangle Tool (M), and with the assistance of Smart Guides, draw a connecting rectangle with approximately the same pixel height of our letter shape width, at 37.86 px.
Now let’s round the edges of our scarf ‘N’ slightly to fit the style of the text.
Take the Direct Selection Tool (A) and select the anchor points that are not touching the middle intersection.
In the Corners option of the Control panel, set the Radius to 1 px.
Select all the ‘N’ shapes, with the Selection Tool (V). Use the Left Arrow key to visually align the distance from the between the ‘A’ and ‘N’.
Next, select the ‘JORDA’ shapes, plus the two legs of the ‘N’. Then open the Pathfinder panel (Window > Pathfinder).
From the option menu, select Make Compound Shape. This will combine all the shapes into one compound shape.
Now let’s lay out our pattern, beginning with the Checker pattern.
Shift-D to switch Drawing Mode Normal to Drawing Mode Behind. Select the Checker pattern from the Swatches panel. Then, with the Rectangle Tool (M), draw an 810 x 135 px rectangle, with the help of the Properties panel and Smart Guides.
The pattern will appear straight, so we need to slant it. Object > Transform > Scale… to open the Scale dialog box. Make sure Transform Patterns is checked, and apply a 60% Uniform scale.
Then you need to rotate the pattern. Object > Transform > Rotate… opens the Rotate dialog box. Set the rotation to 45°, and click OK.
Our Checker pattern is set.
Move on to designing the Diagonal stripes.
Select the Diagonalpattern from the Swatches panel. Draw three rectangle bars, with the Rectangle Tool (M), using the following settings:
Bar 1: 810 x 4 px
Bar 2: 810 x 11 px
Bar 3: 810 x 4 px
You will realise the transform settings we applied to the Checker pattern continue to apply to the Diagonal, so we don’t need to set them again.
Group the three Diagonal bars (Command-G).
We need to duplicate the group, so apply the Drag-Drop action. Select the Diagonal bars group, hold the Option-Alt keys, and drag the group with the SelectionTool (V) to the edge of the ‘J’.
Now, let’s add the Wave pattern.
Select the Wavepattern from the Swatches panel, and use the Rectangle Tool (M) to draw an 810 x 46 px rectangle.
The transform settings applied to the first pattern will remain, so you need to modify them. Select the Wavepattern from the Swatches panel to reset it. Object > Transform > Scale… to open the Scale dialog box. Make sure Transform Patterns is checked, and apply a Uniform scale of 60% and click OK.
Now, the Wave pattern needs a little adjusting so it lies properly in the design.
To edit, double-click the pattern from the Swatches panel. In the Pattern Options dialog box, UnlinkWidth and Height. Then adjust the Height to about 12 px, so there is spacing between the top and bottom copies.
You will need to transform the pattern within the shape without moving the object, so select the rectangle with the Wave pattern fill.
Then hold down the Grave Accent (´) key while dragging, and adjust it accordingly.
For the base part of the pattern effect, draw a red fill (#d32127) rectangle at 810 x 40 px.
Group all the patterns together (Command-G). Then, with the Selection Tool (V), select both the ‘JORDA’ shape and the grouped pattern, and create a clipping mask with Object > Clipping Mask (Command-7).
5. How to Finalise the Design
Select the seven-pointed star shape, and use the Eyedropper Tool (I) to apply the same pattern on the Diagonal bars.
Let’s scale the Diagonal pattern in the design, so it will look more harmonious to the design. Select > Same > Fill Color, to select all the diagonal patterns. Object > Transform > Scale… to open the Scale dialog box. Set the Uniform scale at 150%, and click OK.
The Checker pattern aligns right to left, so let’s reflect the Diagonal pattern to flow in the same direction. Object > Transform > Reflect. Check Transform Patterns, set the reflection Angle to 0°, and click OK.
Some patterns might need a slight alignment.
Go ahead and select the ones you want to adjust, hold down the Grave Accent (´) key, and drag them to align neatly.
Then select the ‘N’ connecting rectangle, and use the Eyedropper Tool (I) to apply the same Checker pattern on the lettering.
Let’s add small seven-pointed stars at the center of the triangular bases of the ‘N’.
Shift-D to shift back to Normal Drawing Mode. Select the Star Tool from the Tools panel. With a white Fill and null Stroke, draw a seven-pointed star about 8 x 8 px.
Then, with the star still selected, apply Drag-Drop by holding down the Option-Alt keys and dragging the star object with the SelectionTool (V) to the other triangular end, as shown below.
To create the scarf effect, we need to create a shadow effect on the folds.
Take the Pen Tool (P) and, with a red fill (#DB9C9C), draw a triangular shape on the edges of the connecting ‘ N’ rectangle, as seen in the image.
Hold down the Shift key to constrain the lines. Use the Smart Guides to draw similar width triangles, on both ends.
Open the Transparency panel (Window > Transparency). Select both triangles, and set their Blending Mode to Multiply.
Pay attention to detail. Take the time at the end to tweak the patterns and shapes so that everything is perfectly put together.
To finalize the banner, add a white background.
Your Middle Eastern “Jordan” hatta banner is done!
See, that was easy to create. Use your imagination and just be creative.
I hope that you found some useful tools, tips, and tricks and that you enjoyed this tutorial! See you next time.