How to Build Self-Confidence: 10+ Steps to Improve Your Self-Esteem
Do you have friends who can walk up to someone at a party and
they’d instantly hit it off? These are the people who often get free drinks,
invites to cool events, and make new friends whenever they go out.
Meanwhile, there are people who feel anxious
in almost every social encounter. Their first day on a job, a big company
meeting, and even a housewarming party all make them feel vulnerable and unsure
Questions like the following often spring to mind during these
“What will I
“Who do I talk to?”
will I do if there’s an awkward silence?”
While social awkwardness is common, it’s not a lifetime thing. You
can learn how to build self-confidence that doesn’t feel forced or unnatural. You
can still be yourself and have the self-confidence to try new things, meet new
people, and all the benefits that come with a confident aura.
Self-Confidence vs Self-Esteem
What is confidence? Self-confidence is often used interchangeably
with self-esteem, self-belief and sometimes with self-efficacy. Before you go
through the rest of this tutorial, it’s important you understand the difference
among these terms.
Self-confidence is trusting your own abilities, capacities, and
judgment. Self-confident people know they can rise up to the task at hand.
We see confidence in others
based on how they talk and act. Think of the confident people you know, you
can’t drill inside their brains to know what they think of themselves but you
think they’re confident anyway because of how they portray themselves to the
Self-esteem, on the other hand, includes what you feel about
yourself—not just your thoughts and actions. According to Psychology Today, “Esteem” comes from the Latin word “aestimare”
that means “to appraise or estimate.” A healthy self-esteem means having the
ability to cope with your life, which partly comes from being competent in what
you do and a sense of approval from people that matter to you.
Self-efficacy, based on Bandura’s Theory
is like self confidence in the sense that
it’s built on your belief that you’ve got the power to affect your life for the
better. People who feel like they don’t have control of their future because of
external circumstances, bad luck, or some other reason, have low self-efficacy.
The difference is self-confidence isn’t limited to future hope; it’s also
linked to previous experiences because self-confidence is often acquired
through previous successes or mastery of a certain subject.
It’s all interconnected. The way I see it is, first you start building
self-confidence and once you’ve got that you’ll feel more in control of your life
and destiny (self-efficacy). After that, you’ll eventually build a life and
self-image where because you’re not just acting confident on the outside, you
actually like yourself who you are.
It’s a long journey to get there, so let’s get on with the first
step: building self-confidence that feels authentic to your personality.
How to Determine How Confident
You Appear to Others
The first step to improving your self-confidence is taking stock of how others perceive you. Confidence is
subjective, what feels like confidence to you may look flaky or arrogant to
others or it could be the complete opposite. There are things you might be
communicating with your body language you’re not even aware of. What’s
considered as confident also differs per culture, that’s why it’s important you
get other people’s opinion to get a baseline of where you are and what you need
Find Out How Confident You Appear to Others
Here are three ways you can find out whether others view you as being self-confident.
Ask “What are three adjectives you would use to describe me?” Make it
clear you’re not fishing for a compliment. Are these adjectives consistent with
how you see yourself? Is confident or a similar adjective one of those words?
Go through previous recommendations and performance reviews you’ve
received. Find comments about how you relate to others, if you speak up in
meetings, or if you’ve ever shown initiative in leading a new project or
presentation, as all these are signs of self-confidence at work.
Compare your actions in the table below, which are you more likely
Doing what you feel is right even if others criticize you
Acting based on what you think will win your peers and manager’s
The ability to take calculated risks
Staying in your comfort zone for fear of failure and rejection
Knowing how to accept compliments graciously
Downplaying or ignoring compliments
Owning up to your mistakes
Passing blame, or covering it up until you can fix them
Evaluate Current Strengths and Problem Areas
Now that you’ve got a good idea of how others perceive your
confidence level, it’s time to take stock of your strengths and areas of
improvement so you can formulate a plan that takes this into account.
Write your top 10 achievements in life in an “achievement log,” this could be anything you’ve done for yourself,
your career, your business, or even your friends. Look at this as a warm-up
exercise and confidence booster in one. What you write here will also get the
juices rolling, so you can easily recall how you’ve handled the situations
The topics below are often associated with healthy self-confidence.
Can you honestly say you’re comfortable doing these things? Can you do them
without feeling awkward? If not, what do you think is holding you back?
Making small talk
Meeting someone new
Group conversations where you
don’t know everyone
Hosting a party
Negotiating a salary
Delegating a task
Giving and accepting feedback
Asking for a raise
Standing up to authority
Put all your notes about this in a well-formatted document,
preferably with a column noting your confidence level on a one to ten scale, and another column for notes on why you
think that area is a challenge.
All the items above gauge your confidence level on a situational
level. Using a SWOT Analysis and different personality tests found online can
give you a birds-eye-view level of your
strengths and weaknesses.
Compare the results with your 1-10 confidence-level assessments on
the situations listed above. Do they match or are there differences? To keep
things simple, just focus on items the test and your personal assessment both
show as an area for improvement.
If you’ve got more than five areas of improvement, prioritize them
according to which is easiest to accomplish so you can start with that. This
way, you can easily get a quick win, giving you a confidence boost in the
Set Goals to Improve Your Confidence
Now that you know which aspects you want to improve, it’s time to
set Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Time-bound (SMART) goals
that’ll build your self-confidence.
You might think doing this
is overkill for something as simple as improving your ability to make small
talk but in reality, goal-setting is one of the secrets of people confident in
their ability to make things happen.
Imagine when you’re trying to cook a new recipe. You don’t just
chop the ingredients and throw it all in the pan then hope it turns out okay,
right? You look for a recipe and follow it to a T. The same process applies
when you’re learning to improve your confidence.
The tutorial below will guide you through the process of
setting goals. Just don’t get too excited and go for the big things right away.
Go for smaller, manageable things and use that to build on your success.
Walk before you run. The skills listed below are the foundation of
self-confidence, which will come in handy later on later when you’re aspiring
for bigger goals that require a confident attitude, such as getting a date or
applying for a promotion.
1. Change Your Body Language
Research from Ohio State University shows that standing tall and putting your hands in your
hips ala Superman improves your confidence. But if that’s a tad too much for
you, just stand tall and pull your shoulders back so you’re not hunching. That
simple act gives the impression that you’re confident.
Look at the person you’re talking to, not their shoes or their
Slow down when you’re talking. Not only will people understand you
better, talking in a clear and well-paced manner makes people feel like you’re
confident in what you’re saying. Just imagine how you feel when Morgan Freeman
says something, you just can’t help but believe him.
Watch the TED Talks video clip below from Amy Cuddy for more information on the power of
2. Dress Smart
Nice clothes, shoes, and accessories add to a person’s
confidence. You just have to be careful in observing the right dress code so
you’re not overdressed. Suits and business outfits, while internationally
accepted as a symbol of formality and class, aren’t always the wardrobe of
choice for all environments. For instance, some businesses prefer casual attire
so you might need to tone it down and just stick with a classic polo and nice
Style your hair. Practice good personal hygiene. All these
little add up, both in making you feel better about your confidence and in
improving other people’s first impression.
3. Manage Your Mental Attitude
Ruminating over negative thoughts wreaks havoc on your self-confidence. Everyone has doubts about their skills, looks, clothes, and
personality—you’re not alone. Some just handle it better than others.
One way to stop negative thoughts is to question the little voice
in your head that keeps nagging you. Next time it bashes you for being a
failure, ask yourself, “Is there concrete evidence of that?” Look for evidence
that supports or denies these thoughts.
Even if there is evidence to support that you failed—or whatever
negative trait that’s bothering you—dig deep inside you to find evidence to
the contrary. I’m sure there are times when you’ve succeeded, you just forgot
about them. Recall the good that you’ve done in the past.
4. Stop Comparing Yourself
Don’t believe everything you see on social media, it’s just a “highlight reel” of people’s lives. They only show the good times—the
fancy food, the new car, the exotic vacations. Behind all that glamour even
the people with the most dazzling smiles have struggles you don’t know about.
Don’t believe me? Ask your friends. Ask them how things are at
their work, relationships, or finances. Some of them, especially your real
friends, will readily tell you about their troubles.
Even if you think some of your friends are leading better lives,
despite their problems, you shouldn’t compare yourself to them because you’re
on different paths. You might have the same degree and even the same job, but
you’re still different persons with different histories, challenges, and goals.
You can’t make an accurate and direct comparison between the two.
5. Create Personal Boundaries
Say no to whoever makes you feel bad, uncomfortable, or unhappy.
Assert authority over your time and energy. Don’t just say yes when someone
asks you for help when you’ve got
somewhere to go. The more you practice saying no to things you don’t want to
do, the more confident you’ll feel about yourself.
6. Learn Everything You can about Your
Serena Williams can confidently swing a racket.
Chef Gordon Ramsey can confidently cook a delicious steak. Like
those two legends, the coworker you admire who’s always suave and confident
in meetings knows what they are doing because they took the time to study their field.
I know knowing everything in your field is a tall order, one that’ll take years to accomplish so work on this little by little. Sign-up for a
course related to your job, read a book
or find a mentor to show you the ropes.
Take Risks Once You’ve
Gained Enough Self confidence
Your self-confidence will soar once you’ve got the foundational
skills down pat. But don’t stop there; stretch yourself a little by taking on
practical challenges that exercise your
You can go through these tasks chronologically, or cherry-pick the
ones that’ll have the biggest impact on
Learn a new skill you’ve always
wanted to learn but were afraid to try (i.e. flairtending,
scuba diving, trapeze flying, speaking French, painting)
Negotiate your rental lease
Reach out to someone you admire, like a book author, event speaker, or a potential mentor
Start Benefitting From Greater Self-Confidence Today
Like me, you may find yourself in uncomfortable situations as you’re
learning how to become more confident. It’s nerve-wracking to put yourself out
there. You might be second guessing yourself, afraid that you’ll do or say
something to embarrass yourself.
Don’t worry; in most cases no one will notice that you’re unsure
For one, people aren’t mind readers, and in reality, many of them
are too busy worrying about how they come across. Just keep building on
your self-confidence using the tips above until you reach the point where you don’t
have to think about them too much.